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Cuba Capital

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Cuba Capital

 

Tucked in the province of Habanna, south west off the coast of Florida, the city of Havana located on 238 N and 8323 W was founded on 25 August 1515. Havana with a population of 2,662,000(2005 stats), is the largest city of Cuba and the oldest in Latin America before New York and Mexico cities.

 

The Cuban ministries and parliament are located in the Capital City of Havana. Havana was named after an Amerindian chief Habaguanex who controlled the area in the past. According to an Indian Cuban myth her daughter’s name was Habana hence the city of Habana/Havana. Havana was made the city and official capital of Cuba on the 10 December 1592 by King Philip II of Spain as all the main offices, trade and businesses were located there.

 

Havana had also different names; in 1553 the capital was known as Real Cedula and in 1634 it was christened Key of the New World Fortified City of the West Indies. The Saint Patron watching over Havana is Saint Cristobal.

 

The city of Havana is divided in different parts, old Havana, Centro Havana, Vedado and Miramar. Old Havana, declared World Heritage in 1982, grew on the outskirts of the port and is famous for its cultural and historical Spanish colonial architecture and designs. Old Havana is a fortress built to resist the corsairs, pirates and buccaneers attacks. Within its walls, buildings ranging from gothic, neoclassical and 17th century baroque stand alongside modern houses and courtyards. Though the hurricanes and tropical weather have got its toll over the years over the old colonial relics of Spanish Cuba, they are now being restored as Cuba is opening its frontiers to tourists from the outside world. Centro Havana is well known for it Chinese centre or its Chinatown. Chinese restaurants, reminiscent of the great Chinese immigrants who came to this part of the world was built in the early 20th century.

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A buzzing area in pre-Castro era, it lost its bright and lively side when all the businesses were nationalised with the Revolution in 1959 and many immigrants choose to return back to China or move to the United States.
Vedado is the economic nerve centre of financial and commercial Havana. Shopping malls, tourist hotels of high standing, international airline agencies and business head offices are lodged in this part of the city where also dwells the University of Havana.


West of Vedado lies Miramar and its big mansions. Home of diplomatic missions and embassies, International Conference Centre and International trade centre it also shelters colonial houses of the Spanish period.

 

 

 

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